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Pain, addiction and opioids
Opioids, sometimes called narcotics, are a type of drug that includes strong analgesics like oxycodone, hydrocodone, phentanyl and tramadol. Narcotics are capable of blocking pain signaling at the level of receptors. Moreover, opioids not only block pain sensations but also produce euphoric and mind-altering effects, making them targets for abuse and highly addictive.
Opioids can be prescribed by a doctor after suffering a huge damage. Opioids have side effects like somnolence, nausea and constipation.

Moreover, opioids can provoke dependence and addiction.The main treatment for prescription opioid addiction is medication-assisted treatment (MAT). It includes medicines, counseling, and support from family and friends. MAT can help you stop using the drug, get through withdrawal, and cope with cravings.

The Opioid Crisis Is
Getting Worse, Particularly
for Black Americans

At the biginning, the epidemic of drug overdoses was perceived as a largely white rural problem. However, the widespread of fentanyl has became famous between black Americans in urban cities.

This is the first time that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention collect the statistics of death along geographic and racial lines. They disclosure the huge growth of drug deaths  among blacks, especially those between the ages of 45 and 64.

Because of the continous drug deaths, life expectancy in the United States dropped for the second year non-stop. It’s the first consecutive decline in national life expectancy since 1963. In fact, drug overdoses is the new first cause of death for Americans under the age of 55.

Source: National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
The New York Times https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2017/12/22/upshot/opioid-deaths-are-spreading-rapidly-into-black-america.html?rref=collection%2Ftimestopic%2FPrescription%20Drug%20Abuse

Advancing in Addiction Science

Nature Outlook published the latest advances in addiction research: Addiction, a special supplement co-sponsored by , the US National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) and the US National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA).
Click the supplement at:

For a commentary authored by NIDA Director Dr. Nora D. Volkow and NIAAA Director Dr. George F. Koob, go to http://www.nature.com/nature/outlook/addiction/

Fuente: NIH National Institute on Drug Abuse

Addiction: Learning to forget

In this video we can see how scientifics try to reprogramme memory to treat phobias.


Source: Nature videos

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